Myanmar Teak or Burmese hardwood
Teak is one of the main export items, there are continuous efforts to build up a down-stream timber industry but for this it needs investment and this is done only on small scale. Many species like teak, padauk / rosewood, ironwood etc. pine trees from themountains of the north are exported.
Before you invest in outdoor furniture, you should take some time in understanding where it comes from and how to make an informed purchase decision. Tectona grandis is a deciduous (annual) tree indigenous to the dry, hilly terrains of Southeast Asia and South America.
It is extremely dense-grained and highly resistant to decay, warping, shrinkage and swelling. These characteristics make this furniture extremely durable. It has a high natural oil content which acts as a natural preservative, allowing furniture to be left outdoors for decades.
Early sailing ships were often made from, which were impervious to a maritime environment (salt water, rain, high winds). In fact, the many of the first outdoor benches were made of recycled decking from old sailing ships.
Available are logs, boards, sawn timber, garden furniture, marine use, outdoor furniture, wood and flooring. Public parks in England boast recycled benches many of which are nearly centuries old, as England had one of the first modern navy and a lot of wood was recycled from those ships.
This wood ages gracefully, kind of like Sofia Loren or Paul Newman. If left to the elements, it develops a silver grayish coloring which, over time can be left as is or revived to its original patina by light sanding and the application of a little oil. Furniture manufacturing is usually done in three categories: handmade, semi-machine made, or fully machine made, in Burmese teak furniture and other items are always semi machine made.
The forest resources since British colonial times,
means 19th Century have been continuously decreasing due to looting by the British East India Company with the Crown behind who demand profits to pay their colonial warfare and afterwards due to mismanagements of lunatic communists. There is no population pressure in the country which leads to encroaching on public land as it is in Thailand.
Landsat images in the 1990ties showed around 50% coverage with greenery, but since Landsat imagery cant distingue between secondary scrub and real forest the real picture is a dramatic one of overexploitation because in large tracts of the country all primary forest is gone because of the two before mentioned parties, this is continuously pushed under the table to hide the disaster from the public.
By beginning of the 199x there where some attempts by the Japanese government to help raising teak but they were not much successful because also the Japanese had some control of the after planting period the locals simple didn’t water the trees enough and most died.
Although block plantations started already in the 1970s at degraded forests areas not much was done because of sheer negligence because of the lunatic communist system. Exploitation of natural teak forest had been controlled by yield fixation since the 19th Century, using Brandis’ method of yield regulation which fixes tree felling to an annual allowance of around 200.000 trees. But this was always exceeded to get money into the depleted government accounts. On top of it government and some “cronies” had the teak trade under control to keep prices high and competition out.
Burmese teak forest and plantation, note the bamboo which is always together
Teak Forest Areas
The Bago Yoma, that’s the area from around 150km east of Yangon towards the Border to Thailand, has a forest area of around 1.5 million ha, including evergreen, semi-evergreen and bamboo forests.
Various kinds of protective felling, such as thinning to keep natural regeneration of teak alive was officially implemented but unofficially not done, especially Thai timber companies did everything for a quick run after money.
Actually this is not only a Thai matter (because it needs quite big money resources) now in 2010-12 the same story is going on in the north of the country where Chinese with deep pockets from across the border bribe their way through to loot the pine forests of the north. They even sell the logs all the way up to South Korea.
Myanmar Teak carvings of countryside scene
Myanmar Teak carvings relief is real art
Contrary to popular belief, the words “handmade” and “furniture”
do not go well together when it comes to teak outdoor furniture. Handmade means just that: handmade. An “teak factory” that makes manufactures handmade furniture looks an awful lot like a rural village with “artisians” sitting around in their yards whittling. This may look good in those home-made vacation videos or as neighborhood barbeque conversation, but home made means less than perfect furniture.
Handmade furniture and interior decoration may feature “character” or “unique detailing” but no two will look precisely alike. Handmade teak is probably the cheapest that money can buy, since southeast Asia boasts some of the cheapest labor around. Thai material always come from across the border.
Semi-machine made furniture is produced using power tools in a factory. Cuts and bores are more precise although pieces are ultimately fitted by hand. A skilled and experienced furniture maker, with the proper training and experience can produce very legitimate semi-machine products with a higher degree of uniformity than handmade. Of course, semi-machine made furniture is more expensive to produce than handmade furniture but is almost always worth the difference.
Full machine factories exclusively use power equipment, tooling, dies and processes intended to take the guess work out of the manufacturing process. Two exact pieces of furniture made from a full machine factory will be indistinguishable from one another and looks more “expensive”. Author Robert Von Voigt
Burma teak plantation & lumber
Myanmar Teak is the most durable
and beautiful wood material in the world, a tropical hardwoods with scientific tag of Tectona. It is a hardwood ingrained to South and Southeast Asia and is normally part of a monsoon jungle, maturing on low hills, far away from the shore line. This is a deciduous tree, great for outdoor, releasing its leaves in the waterless season and is not included in a tropical rainforest.
A teak tree is a large one and will easily grow 30 to 40 meters tall, it has a big concentration of oils and minerals, causing the wood to be waxy and flexible. This makes it water resistant and insect resistant, as well as a strong, straight grain to resist bending.
It is usually honey to mocha brown, however it can have a reddish hue. If it remains raw and bare to the elements, it can dim to a silvery gray, though a yearly oil treatment can keep it’s natural complexion. It is ingrained to Thailand, Myanmar , Malaysia, The Philippines, India and south America.
The wood has been utilized for over two thousand years and is noted in poetry from that century. Logs last forever as the main structural component in buildings centuries old in Myanmar, India, Thailand and also in very old temples. This shows the amazing function of Myanmar teak to last when stressed is placed on it.
This was a major 18th Century export for China, where flooring, cabinets, paneling and multiple other wood features were exported to Europe. It was frequently used for art objects, though the strong wood made this a difficult process, needing a lot of resharpening of tools. Later in the Victorian Era, this was greatly overcome and art creations became more main stream.
The durability of teak wood
and salt water resistance made this hardwood especially valuable for ships, and beyond World War I, when numerous used warships were being discarded, the crews were hit by the good condition of the Teak decking and determined to save the wood. Much of it became lawn furniture, making the tradition of teak outdoor furniture.
The Royal Navy was not the only one using teak; the unique characteristics of this wood made it sought after worldwide among ship builders in the sailing age. There is an momentous whaling ship, the Charles W. Morgan, held in Mystic Seaport, Connecticut that was constructed in 1841 and had hard miles with many worldwide journeys but still looks like new.
The continuous increasing ease of teak building led to an enormous component of furniture, well excepted as beautiful and durable. This furniture is now undergoing a renaissance in popularity and authentic Myanmar teak furniture from this time is very excepted with collectors and others.
In addition too being heavily manufactured in Indonesia where Dutch traders grew tree ranches in 1816. Perum Perhutani, an organization of the Indonesian Government, monitors the tree ranches today.
They strictly monitor trees taken and new harvests to only keep extremely high quality wood. Experiments have exhibited that Indonesia Teak can grow twenty meters in fifteen years.
Today Indonesia and here, are the world’s largest exporters of this hardwood. About the Author Author Patricia Woods is a interior design specialist with a passion for outdoor teak garden furniture.
Myanmar Outdoor Furniture
Outdoor garden and container
Dimensions: 1850 x 740 x 300 mm
Dimensions: 1750 x 615 x 990 mm
Dimensions: 1980 x 740 x 300
Dimensions: 1500 x 800 x 740 mm
Dimensions: 1200 x 740 mm
Dimensions: 800 x 800 x 740 mm
With extension: 1400 x 800 x 740 mm
Burmese teak sitting outdoor dimensions: 1520 x 550 x 800 mm
Dimensions: 620 x 620 x 920 mm
Dimensions: 420 x 590 x 990 mm
Dimensions: 450 x 510 x 990 mm
Container small 394 x 394 x 500 mmGarden
Flower pot small 276 x 276 x 250 mm
Flower pot big 760 x 276 x 250 mm
Container big 511 x 511 x 500 mm
Dimensions: 3300 x 800 x 2280 mm
Dimensions: 1520 x 550 x 800 mm
Dimensions: 900 x 900 x 450 mm
Dimensions: 450 x 450 x 450 mm
Dimensions: L 1790 x 20 x H 1500 mm
One square with 14 lamellaDimensions: 500 x 500 x 28 mm
14 / 15 mm x 90 x 450 x 1200 mm