Traditional Medicine Myanmar
According to traditional medical belief there are 96 diseases which afflict human kind. Using fresh or dried roots, stems, barks, leaves, buds and flowers of medicinal plants, and the hair, fat, bones and organs of certain insects, reptiles and mammals, Myanmar indigenous medicine is able to heal and cure all 96 maladies.
Local medicine are administered as
powders, mixtures, decoctions, infusions, percolates, pastes, extracts, preserves, pills or tablets. A 1928 government report stated that 90% of the rural, and 69% of the urban population were solely dependent on indigenous medical treatment for health needs.
During World War II with its attendant shortage of western drugs, people took recourse to indigenous drugs.
The Indigenous Medical Practitioner’s Act was passed in 1953; amendments were made in 1962 and 1987; and an independent Myanmar Indigenous Medical Directorate was set up in 1989 under the Health Ministry. Today there are 250 township clinics, three in-patient hospitals, three herbal gardens, two museums, two drug manufacturing factories, one diploma course school and nearly 16,000 indigenous medical practitioners (Myanmar sesayas) throughout the country.
There is a brand new Book on Myanmar’s Medicinal Plants here